ASEAN Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) Certification and Control Manuals

The ASEAN Good Agricultural Practices (ASEAN GAP) is a voluntary standard for the production, harvesting and post-harvest handling of fruits and vegetables in the region. Its objective is to enhance ASEAN agricultural products quality and competitiveness on the international market as well as on the ASEAN market by promoting ASEAN GAP. In order to implement the ASEAN GAP, there is a need to establish a common certification and accreditation systems, which will provide reference for implementation and application of ASEAN GAP among stakeholders, including regulators, auditors, producers, and consumers in the region. These manuals defines such systems: The Official Control Manual. This “Preambles” document aims at giving the ASEAN Member States (AMS) wishing to implement the ASEAN GAP accreditation and certification systems an overview of the regulatory framework to study before the implementation. It also contains recommendations concerning national regulations contents and stakeholder’s organisation to insure equivalency between the AMS. The Certification Manual. This Manual serves as guidelines and references for the conduct of national GAP certification by Control Authorities or Control Bodies among the AMS with the aim of facilitating intra and extra regional trade of products originated from GAP certified farms. This Manual was developed based on the understanding that national regulatory and food safety requirements in each AMS which should take precedent. The notes and examples in this Manual aim to provide additional information intended to assist in understanding and use of the document. This Manual may also serve as one of the references for the development of Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA) for inspection and certification systems on GAP production. Download the manuals here: ASEAN GAP...

Development of ASEAN Database on Trade Routes and Framework for Enhancing Supply Chain Efficiency

Status: Ongoing. The ASEAN economy has flourished over the past 50 years and is now more than 100 times larger since the inception of ASEAN in 1967. In 2018, ASEAN GDP accounted for 3% of global GDP and will continue moving in an upward trend, hinged on stronger integration and connectivity between ASEAN Member States (AMS). ASEAN needs efficient logistics services to sustain its economic growth and enhance its competitiveness, by lowering supply chain costs and improving supply chain’s speed and reliability in each AMS. This project will identify a number of priority trade routes, and build a database of relevant information on these routes to help ASEAN Member States determine bottlenecks and identify specific priorities to enhance connectivity within these routes. It will also develop an ASEAN supply-chain framework. The framework is a necessary first step to better understand ASEAN’s supply chain performance gaps, identify opportunities as well as underlying issues and challenges, and devise a region-wide action plan to address them. The framework will also support the gathering of data on supply-chain performance and bottlenecks for specific trade routes or economic corridors as discussed above, towards an integrated approach to the development of trade...

Establishing multilateral power trade in ASEAN (2019)

The ASEAN member states have a long-standing goal to establish multilateral power trading in the region. To date, regional power trading has been limited to a series of uncoordinated bilateral cross-border arrangements. Multilateral power trading can bring multiple benefits, including reduced system costs, increased energy security and an ability to integrate higher shares of variable renewable energy. An examination of international experiences shows that it is possible to establish multilateral trading while allowing for stepwise and voluntary development and respecting local sovereignty. At the same time, increased cross-border integration and power trade does require increased co ordination and regulatory harmonisation. This report identifies a set of minimum political, technical and institutional requirements that the ASEAN member states will need to meet in order to establish multilateral power trading in the region. Some of these minimum requirements can be met by building upon existing efforts in the region. The report also proposes a set of trading arrangements of increasing levels of ambition which, taken together, will enable ASEAN to establish multilateral power trading in a manner that is consistent with maximising national sovereignty and the equitable sharing of benefits. These recommendations include a summary of potential roles for regional institutions and an example transaction to show how trading might potentially work in practice. This report was produced in collaboration with the International Energy Agency (IEA). Download the report (13MB,...

Technical Assistance to the Energy and Minerals Division to Support the ASEAN Energy Regulators Network’s Role in Multilateral Power Trade

Status: Ongoing. As efforts towards multilateral power trading in ASEAN gains momentum, ensuring that the key supporting institutions necessary to design and implement the market design have the same understanding of issues and have sufficient capacity is essential. Based on the results of the “Feasibility Study for ASEAN Multilateral Power Trade (MPT)” project, this includes regional institutions which will foster increased cooperation and coordination to implement multilateral power trading. They can also potentially support better knowledge management through sharing good practices and capacity building. This project enhance the capacity of the ASEAN Secretariat, specifically the Energy and Minerals Division, to support ASEAN Members States on initiating multilateral electricity trading in the APG, including drafting a recommended institutional design for the ASEAN Energy Regulators Network (AERN) or an alternative regulatory mechanism. Related project: Feasibility Study for ASEAN Multilateral Power Trade (MPT) Related publication: Feasibility Study for ASEAN Multilateral Power Trade (13 MB, .zip)...

ASEAN Investment Report 2019 – FDI in Services: Focus on Health Care

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows into ASEAN increased for the third consecutive year in 2018, reaching an all-time high level of USD 155 billion. The region’s share of global FDI inflows also rose to 11.5 percent in 2018. This trend is expected to continue. Services sector is the largest recipient of FDI in ASEAN. The share of services sector in total FDI grew from 50 per cent in 1999-2003 to 66 per cent in 2014-2018. A significant part of FDI in services flows into financial services, wholesale and retail, and real estate activities. This year’s ASEAN Investment Report features the FDI in the services sector, with a special focus on health care. The Report looks in foreign investments and the Multi-National Enterprises (MNEs) in the healthcare industry in ASEAN, as well as the investment environment they thrive in. The Report also provides recommendations in moving forward to develop a competitive health care environment in the region. This report was produced in collaboration with UNCTAD. Download the...