Establishment of Multilateral Arrangement for the Mutual Recognition of Agri-food Standards and Conformity Assessment (MAMRASCA)

Status: Ongoing. The family of ASEAN Standards on Agricultural Best Practices, which include Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) for fruits and vegetables, Good Animal Husbandry Practice for Layers and Broilers (GAHP), and Guidelines on Good Aquaculture Practices (GAqP) for food fish have already been developed and adopted by AMSs. Despite their adoption, implementation encountered structural bottlenecks. The low uptake of standards at the farm level had been attributed to the limited awareness among demand side market actors of the ASEAN standards. In addition, ASEAN GAPs are voluntary in nature and to the extent that produce grown under GAP regimes does not attract any price premiums in the market place, there is little or no incentive to conform to them. These indicate the need to find practical ways of implementing the ASEAN standards that will increase confidence and demand from buyers, promote uptake at the farm level, and foster appropriate levels of protection between trading partners. To address these concerns, the “Study on Mutual Recognition Models for the ASEAN Agricultural Best Practices” recommended the establishment of a Multilateral Arrangement for the Mutual Recognition of Agrifood Standards and Conformity Assessment (MAMRASCA) that would facilitate the establishment an effective mechanism for operationalizing and accepting these standards at both national and regional level. Following the Special SOM-38th AMAF Meeting held on 14-15 August 2017 in Singapore, the ASEAN Agricultural Ministers supported the recommendation of the study, including the formation of a Task Force that will administer the preparation of the MRA. This project will support the preparation of the MRA to help establish mechanisms to facilitate the acceptance of trading partners’ standards and conformance...

Study on Mutual Recognition Models for the ASEAN Agricultural Best Practices

Status: Completed The ASEAN Ministers of Agriculture and Forestry has endorsed the ASEAN Agricultural Best Practices, which consist of Good Agriculture Practices for Fruits and Vegetables (endorsed in 2006), Good Animal Husbandry Practices for Broilers and Layers (endorsed in 2014) and the Good Aquaculture Practices for Food Fish (endorsed in 2014) as guidelines to improve quality assurance, enhance quality of products, and minimise hazards in food safety, environmental impacts, and  worker health, safety and welfare. In addition, a number of ASEAN standards in agriculture products such as those for organic agriculture and horticultural produce have been developed. As a priority area for integration, the harmonization of standards and trade certifications are expected to enhance trade among ASEAN Member States (AMS) as well as promote long-term competitiveness in the global market of agricultural products from ASEAN. Adoption of these standards by AMS is not mandatory, but they serve as benchmarks for AMS in developing or improving their own agricultural practice standards. Beyond the benefits in food safety and farmer’s health and welfare, ASEAN sees the need for establishing an efficient mechanism for implementing the standards both at the national and regional level. As agricultural standards and guidelines are important in the procurement and risk reduction processes, the presence of a regionally recognised and acceptable mechanism to support their operationalisation will increase the chances of AMS to hook up with the regional as well global agrifoods value chain. This mechanism will define how the ASEAN standards are applied and operationalized, at the national and the regional level, by various relevant institutions at both level, through new or existing regional institutions and...

Strengthening ASEAN Mechanisms for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation and the Role of Conservation, Sustainable Management of Forests And Enhancement of Forest Carbon Stocks in Developing Countries (REDD-plus)

Mitigation efforts under a new international agreement on climate change are expected to include the REDD-plus mechanism. REDD-plus intends to use economic incentives with developing countries to prevent forest land conversion, deforestation and forest degradation. This will enhance the carbon absorption capacity needed to combat global warming. As developing countries stand to benefit from a climate change deal that accounts for emissions from forests and other land uses, it will be important to have the right framework in place. Although a final agreement on REDD-plus is scheduled to be concluded in the near future, the readiness of ASEAN Member States to enter into implementation is still far behind and requires improvements in both the policy and technical fronts. Technical assistance including capacity building in accordance with national circumstances and capabilities in significant common areas of concern is required. This project assists ASEAN in the development of new policy approaches and incentives towards the objectives of: 1) reduced emissions from deforestation and forest degradation; 2) enhanced roles for conservation and the sustainable management of forests; and 3) enhancement of forest carbon stocks.            ...

Establishment of ASEAN Good Animal Husbandry Practices (ASEAN GAHP)

Status: Closed. This project guides the establishment, adoption and implementation of a set of ASEAN-wide animal husbandry practices. It supported the development of an ASEAN GAHP and country-specific programs to boost its widespread acceptance and utilisation among the ASEAN Member States. Best practices and lessons learned by countries with their national GAHP was used in the formulation of the ASEAN GAHP and shared to create communities of practitioners. This project is led by the Directorate of Animal Health, Directorate General of Livestock Services (DGLS), Ministry of Agriculture, Republic of Indonesia. Related Downloads: ASEAN Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP) For Layers and Broilers – Food Safety Module Policy Brief: Enhancing ASEAN Competitiveness in the livestock and livestock product industry through ASEAN Good Animal Husbandry Practices ASEAN Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP) – Animal Welfare and Environmental Sustainability Module for Layers, Broilers and...

Global Recognition of Quality Assurance Systems for ASEAN Fruits and Vegetables (ASEAN GAP)

Status: Ongoing This project takes off from two previous AADCP I initiatives which produced the ASEAN GAP Standard and the ASEAN GAP Strategic Plan. Year 1 of the project will support a scoping and needs assessment study regarding each ASEAN Member States’ situation regarding the ASEAN GAP and develop an implementation mechanism to operationalise the ASEAN GAP Strategic Plan for ensuring that all ASEAN Member States apply the ASEAN GAP standards. Recommended activities will be developed to suit the respective countries’ state in terms of developing and implementing their national GAP programs. This will allow a “South-South” approach where ASEAN Member States that are more advanced in applying standards share experiences with those ASEAN Member States that are less developed. The project is being managed by the Bureau of Agriculture and Fisheries Product Standards, Department of Agriculture of the Philippines with two staff seconded to the project. In subsequent years, follow-on activities will primarily deal with the successive implementation of priority action areas and activities identified in the assessment and scoping studies undertaken in Year 1. This would potentially involve on the ground support to ASEAN Member States in the development of their national GAPs.  Related Downloads: ASEAN GAP Standard Policy Brief: Moving towards Global Recognition of Quality Assurance Systems for ASEAN Fruits and Vegetables...

Establishment of ASEAN Good Aquaculture Practices (ASEAN GAqP)

Status: Ongoing In its initial year, this project generated an inventory and review of existing aquaculture standards, regulations and related practices in various ASEAN Member States. It also included an identification of obstacles and bottlenecks in the development and implementation of GAqP especially in the CLMV countries. Through this project, a common ASEAN GAqP based on globally accepted standards and a strategic plan for its operationalisation and sustainability is now available. The project is implemented under the leadership of the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources/National Fisheries Research and Development Institute (BFAR/NFRDI), Department of Agriculture of the Philippines and the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Centre, Aquaculture Department (SEAFDEC/AQD). Related downloads: Guideline for ASEAN GAqP for Food Fish Policy Brief: Establishment of ASEAN Good Aquaculture Practices                     ...