Development of ASEAN Database on Trade Routes and Framework for Enhancing Supply Chain Efficiency

Status: Ongoing. The ASEAN economy has flourished over the past 50 years and is now more than 100 times larger since the inception of ASEAN in 1967. In 2018, ASEAN GDP accounted for 3% of global GDP and will continue moving in an upward trend, hinged on stronger integration and connectivity between ASEAN Member States (AMS). ASEAN needs efficient logistics services to sustain its economic growth and enhance its competitiveness, by lowering supply chain costs and improving supply chain’s speed and reliability in each AMS. This project will identify a number of priority trade routes, and build a database of relevant information on these routes to help ASEAN Member States determine bottlenecks and identify specific priorities to enhance connectivity within these routes. It will also develop an ASEAN supply-chain framework. The framework is a necessary first step to better understand ASEAN’s supply chain performance gaps, identify opportunities as well as underlying issues and challenges, and devise a region-wide action plan to address them. The framework will also support the gathering of data on supply-chain performance and bottlenecks for specific trade routes or economic corridors as discussed above, towards an integrated approach to the development of trade...

Operational Guide for Monitoring, Review, and Evaluation of the Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity 2025

Status: Completed. The ASEAN Leaders adopted the Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity (MPAC) 2025 at the 28th ASEAN Summit on 6 September 2016 in Vientiane, Lao PDR, as the successor to MPAC 2010. Monitoring, Review, and Evaluation (MRE) is an essential component of MPAC 2025.  It is crucial for gathering information and assessing whether the plan is implemented as intended, and whether its implementation is yielding its intended effects. This project aims to promote effective implementation of the Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity (MPAC) 2025  through an effective Monitoring, Reporting and Evaluation (MRE) mechanism that strengthens accountability and provides quality assessment for current policy decision-making and future planning. This project will enhance the existing MRE mechanism of MPAC 2025, by producing an Operational Guide for the MRE of MPAC 2025. It will also produce a Progress Review Report, containing assessment and analysis of the progress made and challenges faced in implementing MPAC 2025. Please contact the ASEAN Connectivity Division for enquiries on the results of this...

Development of Framework for Improving ASEAN Infrastructure Productivity

Status: ongoing. The ASEAN Leaders adopted the Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity (MPAC) 2025 at the 28th ASEAN Summit on 6 September 2016 in Vientiane, Lao PDR. ASEAN aims to build a seamlessly and comprehensively connected and integrated ASEAN that will promote competitiveness, inclusiveness, and a greater sense of Community through five strategic areas, namely, sustainable infrastructure, digital innovation, seamless logistics, regulatory excellence, and people mobility. This project is part of MPAC 2025 Initiative 2, which aims to establish an ASEAN platform to measure and improve infrastructure productivity. Given multiple infrastructure requirements with scarce resources available, it is important for ASEAN Member States (AMS) to ensure that the impact of every dollar invested is maximised by finding ways to reduce the costs and time of developing infrastructure projects without affecting its performance. Moreover, AMS also need to ensure continuous efficiency of existing infrastructure. There is a need to develop a comprehensive framework to enhance future infrastructure planning and development. One of the underlying challenges which AMS encountered in terms of improving infrastructure productivity is the lack of a comprehensive framework to understand the value of infrastructure productivity and the levels of assessing infrastructure productivity that covers the full range of aspects including infrastructure regulations, governance and implementation accountability, among others, for all AMS. This project aims to promote and improve infrastructure productivity in ASEAN. It will produce a Framework for Assessment of ASEAN Infrastructure Productivity containing scope, key principles, key actions, work streams of projects and activities, and implementation mechanism, including corresponding indicators. The proposed framework will include assessment of systems, procedures and practices for areas such as project...

Feasibility Study for ASEAN Multilateral Power Trade

Status: Ongoing. Electricity demand in ASEAN is projected to grow faster than any other final form of energy, accounting for 56% of growth in total energy demand until 2040. As a result, the ASEAN Member States (AMS) will collectively need to construct 350 gigawatts of additional generating capacity, more than double what exists today. This will require an estimated USD 600 billion in generation investments and USD 730 billion in transmission and distribution (T&D) infrastructure. These investments can best be supported through increased regional power integration and, in particular, through the enhanced implementation of a regional ASEAN Power Grid (APG) whereby excess power and reserve capacity can be beneficially shared. Multilateral power trading, as a way to implement the APG, can bring multiple benefits, including reduced system costs, increased energy security and an ability to integrate higher shares of variable renewable energy. This project produces a report identifies a set of minimum political, technical and institutional requirements that the ASEAN member states will need to meet in order to establish multilateral power trading in the region. Some of these minimum requirements can be met by building upon existing efforts in the region. The report also proposes a set of trading arrangements of increasing levels of ambition which, taken together, will enable ASEAN to establish multilateral power trading in a manner that is consistent with maximising national sovereignty and the equitable sharing of benefits. These recommendations include a summary of potential roles for regional institutions and an example transaction to show how trading might potentially work in practice. The report has been published and presented at the 37th ASEAN Ministers...

Study to Advance Sustainable Urbanisation in ASEAN

Status: Completed. With the increasing pace of urbanisation comes the immediate need for cities in ASEAN to provide adequate urban infrastructure.  This need is reflected in the Master Plan for ASEAN Connectivity (MPAC) 2025, which aims to advance sustainable urbanisation and scale up the sharing of smart urbanisation models across cities in the ASEAN Member States (AMS). Given the various efforts and available expertise already existing in ASEAN, it is important for all stakeholders to have a common understanding, consolidate experiences and exchange “know-how” on developing cities in a liveable and sustainable way. This project undertook scoping of cooperation for sustainable urbanisation in ASEAN, to identify prioritised areas of work related to sustainable urbanisation that can quickly yield an agreed regional outcome.  It took stock of various initiatives, and share results and lessons learned from relevant past and current regional, national and sub-national initiatives. It defined a roadmap describing time-specific targeted actions or activities and initial indicators of sustainable urbanisation performance as a baseline for future measurement. The result of this project is the ASEAN Sustainable Urbanisation Strategy which was launched at the 33rd ASEAN Summit in Singapore.  It can also be downloaded from the ASEAN Connectivity...

Establishing the Initial Rolling Priority Pipeline List of Potential ASEAN Infrastructure Projects and Conduct of Pre-Feasibility Studies

Status: Ongoing This Project responds to the first objective under the Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity (MPAC) 2025 strategic area on Sustainable Infrastructure of increasing public and private infrastructure investment in each ASEAN Member State, as needed, by establishing a rolling priority pipeline list of potential ASEAN regional infrastructure projects and identifying possible sources of funding whether public, private or a combination thereof. In particular, this Project aims to i) set criteria for eligibility of projects to be included in the pipeline, ii) establish a template based on the criteria to standardize information to be provided by ASEAN Member States for projects that are proposed to be included in the pipeline, iii) carry out an assessment of the proposed projects and construct a rolling priority pipeline, iv) select up to 10 projects for which pre-feasibility studies should be developed, v) conduct the pre-feasibility studies for the selected candidate projects, and vi) present at the pre-feasibility studies and overall pipeline to investors. The Project also aims to map out the capacity building needs of each Member State that would be required to sustain the process for infrastructure prioritization and feasibility evaluation. This project is implemented through collaboration with the World Bank. Download the project summary, published November 2018...