Responding to the “The Phnom Penh Agenda 2012” which called for a comprehensive Mid-term Review (MTR) of the IAI Work Plan II, this study has been commissioned to stock-take the implementation of the IAI Work Plan II; map the Work Plan with other sub-regional, multilateral and trilateral development projects/programs; set out concrete and practical measures to expedite the implementation of Work Plan II; and recommend its future direction. The review was timely and important for the future direction of the IAI.
Since the formulation of IAI Work Plan II in 2008, the landscape of development cooperation activities in CLMV/Mekong sub-region has significantly changed. This included the emerging of several ASEAN owned initiatives like Master Plan for ASEAN Connectivity, ASEAN Framework for Equitable Economic Development, ASEAN Mekong Basin Development Cooperation, and ASEAN Framework Action Plan on Rural Development and Poverty Eradication. All these initiatives share many things in common with the IAI Work Plan II. In addition, there are now at least a dozen sub-regional fora with the name
Mekong which also share IAI goals and objectives and encompass several IAI WP Priority Actions. These changes and development have called for a thorough review of IAI WP II Implementation in regard to its relevance, performance and success as well as the complementarities of other regional/subregional development frameworks with the IAI Work Plan.